Social Sciences News

Respect Indigenous ancestors: Scholars urge community engagement before research

Social Sciences News - 6 hours 45 min ago
A new article in the journal Science provides guidance for those intending to study ancient human remains in the Americas. The paper, written by Indigenous scholars and scientists and those who collaborate with Indigenous communities on studies of ancient DNA, offers a clear directive to others contemplating such research: First, do no harm.

A user-friendly, step-by-step guide to conducting comparative product evaluations

Social Sciences News - 12 hours 41 min ago
According to the World Bank, over 1.1 billion people have lifted themselves from extreme poverty since 1990. But even as the global outlook on extreme poverty improves, billions of people continue to struggle to access basic human needs, like water, food, shelter, health care and energy. In response to these challenges, innovators around the world have developed a preponderance of cost-effective, locally implemented solutions, from solar lanterns and water filters to improved cookstoves and refugee shelters.

Behavioral differences between Northern v. Southern Chinese linked to wheat v. rice farming, study shows

Social Sciences News - 13 hours 36 min ago
A new study from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business analyzing behavior patterns of people across China shows that the traditional interdependent rice-farming culture of southern China has resulted in today's residents—even city dwellers far removed from farming—being more interdependent and less controlling over their environment compared to their countrymen who hail from the more independent wheat-farming culture of northern China.

Students' social relationships in the last year of secondary education

Social Sciences News - 14 hours 25 min ago
The Personal and Community Relationships Laboratory (Laboratorio de Redes Personales y Comunidades) at the University of Seville has published a project that shows the structural properties of high-school students personal networks and predicts the probability of those students maintaining (or not) relationships with their high-school friends when they start their university studies. That is to say, the data obtained from individual personal networks can be used to predict positions in the complete networks. Specifically, having a less cohesive personal network (a more centralised one) means that the student is more open to new relationships.

Weather associated with sentiments expressed on social media

Social Sciences News - Wed, 04/25/2018 - 14:00
Sentiments expressed on Facebook and Twitter may be associated with certain weather patterns, according to a study published April 25, 2018 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Patrick Baylis from the Vancouver School of Economics, Canada, Nick Obradovich from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and colleagues.

JFK was not shot from the grassy knoll, suggests new research

Social Sciences News - Wed, 04/25/2018 - 11:14
The long-held conspiracy theory that John F. Kennedy was shot by a second gunman on the grassy knoll is wrong, according to a new analysis of video footage of the shooting, published in the journal Heliyon. The results support the official autopsy findings: JFK suffered a gunshot wound caused by the same type of rifle as that owned by Lee Harvey Oswald, fired from the vicinity of the Texas School Book Depository building located behind the motorcade.

U.S. kids of color get kicked out of school at higher rates – here's how to stop it

Social Sciences News - Wed, 04/25/2018 - 10:50
When two black men were arrested at a Philadelphia Starbucks where they had been waiting for a business meeting on April 12, the incident called renewed attention to the bias that racial minorities face in American society.

Exposure to domestic violence costs US government $55 billion each year

Social Sciences News - Wed, 04/25/2018 - 10:26
The federal government spends an estimated $55 billion annually on dealing with the effects of childhood exposure to domestic violence, according to new research by social scientists at Case Western Reserve University.

Study reveals remarkably high proportion of national elections are not free and fair

Social Sciences News - Wed, 04/25/2018 - 08:44
Researchers from the University of Birmingham and the London School of Economics have found that the number of elections across the world has reached an all-time high, but that this has done little to increase the quality of democracy in the world.

Study shows prejudiced attitudes—not economic concern—drove most voters to Trump

Social Sciences News - Wed, 04/25/2018 - 08:43
Much of the narrative surrounding Donald Trump's surprising 2016 election victory has focused on economically stressed voters in Rust Belt states—feeling forgotten by both major parties and fretting over globalization—who rallied behind an outsider pushing for change.

Amazonian Bora people mimic the rhythm of their language for communication over large distances using drums

Social Sciences News - Tue, 04/24/2018 - 19:10
An international team of researchers, including Frank Seifart and Sven Grawunder of the former Department of Linguistics at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology and Julien Meyer from the Université Grenoble Alpes carried out research into the drummed language system of the Bora people of the Northwest Amazon. They found the Boras not only reproduce the melody of words and sentences in this endangered language, but also their rhythm. This suggests the crucial role of linguistic rhythm in language processing has been underestimated.

Feelings of ethical superiority can lead to workplace ostracism, social undermining: study

Social Sciences News - Tue, 04/24/2018 - 16:41
Do you consider yourself more ethical than your coworker?

Study shows newspaper op-eds change minds

Social Sciences News - Tue, 04/24/2018 - 13:36
Readers might nod along or roll their eyes at a newspaper opinion piece, but a new study provides evidence that op-ed columns are an effective means for changing people's minds about the issues of the day.

Study examines how 'partner and rival' strategies can foster or destroy cooperation

Social Sciences News - Tue, 04/24/2018 - 11:56
If you're an optimist, you probably believe that humanity is inherently cooperative and willing to sacrifice for the greater good of all. If you're a pessimist, on the other hand, chances are you believe that, in the end, people will always do what is in their own self-interest.

Online paedophile tactics exposed in forensic linguistic study

Social Sciences News - Tue, 04/24/2018 - 11:29
The deceptive methods of a sex offender who abused several children online have been exposed by academics at Aston University to help police catch other predators.

Gender inequality is 'drowning out' the voices of women scientists

Social Sciences News - Tue, 04/24/2018 - 11:00
A University of Cambridge researcher is calling for the voices of women to be given a fairer platform at a leading scientific conference.

Where you live is more influential than where you worship in shaping racial attitudes

Social Sciences News - Tue, 04/24/2018 - 09:04
Whites in multiracial congregations have more diverse friendship networks and are more comfortable with minorities—but that is more because of the impact of neighbors and friends of other races than due to congregations' influence, a Baylor University study has found.

Inequality in science funding

Social Sciences News - Tue, 04/24/2018 - 08:25
New research shows that winners of a large research grant programme in the Netherlands have a 2.5 times greater chance of obtaining a follow-up grant than nonwinners. The research, which focused on NWO Vidi Grants, was jointly carried out by sociologists from the University of Amsterdam, Utrecht University and the University of California, Berkeley.

Study shows undocumented immigration doesn't increase violent crime

Social Sciences News - Tue, 04/24/2018 - 07:10
Undocumented immigrants reduce the rate of violent crime in the United States, according to a new study, despite immigrants struggling with many socioeconomic factors shared by people who are more likely to commit crimes.

Girls more likely than boys to struggle with social, behavioral, academic needs

Social Sciences News - Mon, 04/23/2018 - 16:32
The more failing grades students have during eighth grade, the more likely they are to experience social-emotional learning problems, academic difficulties and behavioral problems during their freshman year in high school, a new study found.