Social Sciences News

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Updated: 3 days 21 hours ago

Managerial support for depressed employees linked to fewer days off work

Mon, 07/23/2018 - 18:40
The provision of managerial support and help for employees with depression is linked to lower rates of workplace absenteeism, finds an international survey study of practice in 15 countries in different regions of the world, published in the online journal BMJ Open.

A scientific study characterises our circles of friendships

Mon, 07/23/2018 - 15:36
On average, there are three to five people in our lives with whom we have a very close relationship (close friends and/or family), around ten with whom we have close friendships, a larger group of about 30-35 people with whom we frequently interact and around one hundred acquaintances we come into contact with every now and then in our daily lives. In other words, we interact on a regular basis with about 150 people. This number is known as the "Dunbar number" and it indicates the amount of friends that our brain can handle, according to the theory formulated in the 1990's by Robin Dunbar, a professor of anthropology at Oxford University, who also participates in this new scientific study.

How students view intelligence affects how they internalize stress

Mon, 07/23/2018 - 13:50
As students transition into high school, many see their grades drop. And while some students are resilient in the midst of this challenge, others succumb to the pressure. How they think about themselves and their abilities could make the difference, according to adolescent psychology researchers at The University of Texas at Austin and the University of Rochester.

Slacking on your savings? Cognitive bias could be to blame

Mon, 07/23/2018 - 13:49
Despite working hard, Americans are notoriously poor at saving money. The average American working-age couple has saved only $5,000 for retirement, while 43 percent of working-age families have no retirement savings at all, according to a 2016 analysis of a Federal Reserve survey.

When political ideology shapes luxury buying

Mon, 07/23/2018 - 08:50
Political allegiance plays a critical role in the decision to buy luxury goods. New empirical research by David Dubois, associate professor of marketing at INSEAD, Jeehye Christine Kim of Hong Kong UST Business School and Brian Park of J. Mack Robinson College of Business at Georgia State University, shows that conservative shoppers are much more likely than their liberal counterparts to purchase luxury items if and when they believe the purchase will help them maintain their social status.

America is in the middle of a battle over the meaning of words like 'diversity'

Mon, 07/23/2018 - 07:50
You might think that the culture war over race and immigration primarily transpires in dramatic events, like the woman who climbed the Statue of Liberty to protest Trump's child detention policy or the events in Charlottesville last summer.

Research reveals 'crucial' importance of gender balance in bank boards

Mon, 07/23/2018 - 07:00
Women in senior leadership roles in the financial services sector behave in a way that may have made the global banking crisis less likely to happen, according to a University research study.

Researchers pinpoint best locations for cameras

Mon, 07/23/2018 - 06:40
Like in real estate, the most important factors in preventing crime with video cameras are location, location, location, new UT Dallas research has found.

Most employees can work smarter, given the chance

Fri, 07/20/2018 - 12:20
More than half (58 percent) of employees in Britain can identify changes at work which would make them more productive, a research team drawn from UCL Institute of Education (IOE), Cardiff University and Nuffield College, Oxford has found.

Young people who frequently argue with their parents are better citizens, research finds

Fri, 07/20/2018 - 10:23
Teenagers who regularly clash with their parents are more likely to have given time to a charity or humanitarian cause, a study has shown.

Who needs science advice anyway? Governments, for one

Fri, 07/20/2018 - 10:20
There has been much consternation within the Ontario research community since Premier Doug Ford summarily dismissed the province's first chief scientist, Molly Shoichet, after she'd been in the job for only six months.

Having the right name helps one to find housing

Thu, 07/19/2018 - 09:20
Discrimination against ethnic minorities on the housing market is declining—in Germany and other Western European countries and in the USA. But a new meta-study shows that applicants' surnames still influence the selection of new tenants.

Democracies more prone to start wars – except when they're not

Thu, 07/19/2018 - 07:35
Research shows public pressure pushes democratically elected leaders to be more aggressive in international conflicts than their autocratic counterparts but finds some exceptions. What kind of political leader is most likely to start a war—an invective-spewing dictator or the elected head of a democratic nation? Surprisingly, science says it's probably not the autocrat.

Study reveals challenges of policing cannabis possession

Thu, 07/19/2018 - 07:30
Officers see their own policing of cannabis possession offences as largely ineffective, a study of rank and file officers has revealed.

Red-light cameras don't reduce traffic accidents or improve public safety: analysis

Thu, 07/19/2018 - 07:29
Red-light cameras don't reduce the number of traffic accidents or injuries at intersections where the devices are installed, according a new analysis by Case Western Reserve University.

What Australia's convict past reveals about women, men, marriage and work

Thu, 07/19/2018 - 07:20
Success for women often comes at a cost. Award-winning, election-winning and high-earning women are more likely to be divorced in a strange trend that may affect other aspects of our lives.

How 'empathy gap' among social workers can affect services for people of color

Thu, 07/19/2018 - 07:16
Social workers think of themselves as empathetic individuals—after all, they went into social work specifically to help people. But empathy isn't a perfect motivator. Terence Fitzgerald, a clinical associate professor at the USC Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work who studies institutional racism and child welfare, found that an "empathy gap" among white social workers can hurt the services received by people of color. He shares his recent research.

For Mexican immigrants, politics is a family affair

Thu, 07/19/2018 - 02:43
Imagine adapting to life in the U.S. after emigrating from Mexico. With so many confusing new processes and systems to navigate, how would you begin to understand something as complex as local and national politics? According to San Francisco State University Associate Professor of Political Science Marcela García-Castañon, who studies political socialization, you'd likely turn to your spouse. In a recent study in the journal New Political Science, García-Castañon shows that spousal relationships often determine how newcomers from Mexico come to understand American politics and develop a sense of community.

Experts address ways to support latest science education standards

Wed, 07/18/2018 - 17:10
The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) are K-12 science content standards, with three dimensions that are integrated in instruction at all levels: core ideas, science and engineering practices, and cross-cutting concepts. A new article in the Journal of Research Science in Teaching focuses on how to support enactment of the NGSS in diverse educational systems, including the challenges faced when some of those systems are fragmented and resource-poor. The article appears in a forthcoming JRST special issue on the NGSS, to be released online August 20, 2018.

Secular countries can expect future economic growth, confirms new study

Wed, 07/18/2018 - 14:00
New research measuring the importance of religion in 109 countries spanning the entire 20th century has reignited an age-old debate around the link between secularisation and economic growth. The study, published in Science Advances, has shown that a decline in religion influences a country's future economic prosperity.