News

When neighbourhoods become dangerous, look to local strengths for a lifeline

Social Sciences News - 1時間 50分
Crime and insecurity are deeply entrenched in some cities. While we have rankings of the most dangerous cities in the world, this does not give a clear picture of how and why dangerous spaces develop in cities.

Watching boys become fathers

Social Sciences News - 1時間 57分
How young men adapt to fatherhood and whether being a father can speed up becoming an adult is to be examined in new research.

New app offers customized advice to improve learning

Social Sciences News - 木, 05/24/2018 - 12:58
University of Colorado researchers have created on-demand, voice-activated apps to enhance learning and teaching for members of CU Anschutz Medical Campus and CU Denver.

How other people affect our interpersonal space

Social Sciences News - 木, 05/24/2018 - 12:55
Have you ever felt the urge to cross the road or move seats on a train after a conversation taking place nearby suddenly becomes aggressive? Well, for the first time a scientific study has shown how the size of your interpersonal space changes depending on the tone and content of other people's conversations.

Researcher studies math achievement among Hispanic high school students

Social Sciences News - 木, 05/24/2018 - 12:38
A researcher at The University of Texas at San Antonio has co-authored a study examining important cognitive and non-cognitive predictors of entering science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields for Hispanic high school students.

Lack of paid sick leave increases poverty

Social Sciences News - 木, 05/24/2018 - 10:45
Research conducted by Florida Atlantic University and Cleveland State University has, for the first time, quantified the relationship between the lack of paid sick leave and poverty in the United States. The data indicates that, even when controlling for education, race, sex, marital status and employment, working adults without paid sick leave are three times more likely to have incomes below the poverty line.

Numbers about inequality don't speak for themselves

Social Sciences News - 木, 05/24/2018 - 10:30
Using statistics to inform the public about racial disparities can backfire. Worse yet, it can cause some people to be more supportive of the policies that create those inequalities, according to new Stanford research.

Gap between what the rich and poor spend on their kids is widening

Social Sciences News - 木, 05/24/2018 - 10:20
It may seem like common sense that rich parents spend more money on their children than poor parents do. A new study co-authored by a CSU faculty member shows that this financial gap is widening due to rising income inequality.

How remorse alone can sometimes change the past for those who have been wronged

Social Sciences News - 木, 05/24/2018 - 10:19
Remorse is one of the most significant and least understood influences on the length of the sentence imposed by a criminal court. A survey of Crown Courts in England and Wales found that remorse was the single most common mitigating factor, mentioned in more than 20% of all cases as a reason why a sentence was being reduced, and is identified as an important consideration in formal sentencing guidelines.

Judges sentence youth offenders to chess, with promising results

Social Sciences News - 木, 05/24/2018 - 10:00
Since January 2018, every Friday afternoon, one campus classroom in Canada is transformed. Tables are set up with two chairs facing one another; a chess set invites players to begin. An interactive white board shows a game in progress. Off to the side, another board is set up with a "chess problem."

Why microfinance as aid isn't enough to empower women

Social Sciences News - 木, 05/24/2018 - 09:53
Giving small loans to people for small household purchases or to invest in businesses has been an integral part of Australian, American and other aid programs for decades. This is called "microfinance", and the aim is not only to alleviate poverty, but to empower women.

MATHUSLA—a new idea proposed to spot long-lived particles at LHC

General Physics - 木, 05/24/2018 - 09:37
A small team of physicists that includes Jessie Shelton of the University of Illinois and David Curtin of the University of Toronto has written a paper and presented it at this year's American Physical Society meeting outlining a possible way to detect particles emitted from the Large Hadron Collider. Their idea involves constructing a new building near the LHC to house a suite of long-lived particle detectors.
カテゴリー: Physics News from Phys.org

Using the K computer, scientists predict exotic "di-Omega" particle

General Physics - 木, 05/24/2018 - 07:48
Based on complex simulations of quantum chromodynamics performed using the K computer, one of the most powerful computers in the world, the HAL QCD Collaboration, made up of scientists from the RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-based Science and the RIKEN Interdisciplinary Theoretical and Mathematical Sciences (iTHEMS) program, together with colleagues from a number of universities, have predicted a new type of "dibaryon"—a particle that contains six quarks instead of the usual three. Studying how these elements form could help scientists understand the interactions among elementary particles in extreme environments such as the interiors of neutron stars or the early universe moments after the Big Bang.
カテゴリー: Physics News from Phys.org

Nuclear physicists leap into quantum computing with first simulations of atomic nucleus

Quantum Physics News - 水, 05/23/2018 - 12:53
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are the first to successfully simulate an atomic nucleus using a quantum computer. The results, published in Physical Review Letters, demonstrate the ability of quantum systems to compute nuclear physics problems and serve as a benchmark for future calculations.
カテゴリー: Physics News from Phys.org

Social media posts may signal whether a protest will become violent

Social Sciences News - 水, 05/23/2018 - 12:36
A USC-led study of violent protest has found that moral rhetoric on Twitter may signal whether a protest will turn violent.

Why an upcoming appointment makes us less productive

Social Sciences News - 水, 05/23/2018 - 11:46
You've got a full hour until your next meeting. But you probably won't make the most of that time, new research suggests.

American 'prepping' culture influenced by media and government fears

Social Sciences News - 水, 05/23/2018 - 11:39
New research from SSPSSR finds most people hoarding items such as food and water do so 'just in case', rather than because of deeply-held, irrational beliefs that society is on the verge of an imminent collapse.

How shoplifters justify theft at supermarket self-service checkouts

Social Sciences News - 水, 05/23/2018 - 10:10
The number of self-check out terminals around the world is predicted to reach 325,000 by 2019 and some stores have even become fully self service. But for some supermarket customers, the removal of store clerks has been a green light for dishonest behaviour.

New research helps to de-gender the teaching profession

Social Sciences News - 水, 05/23/2018 - 10:03
A new qualitative study, published in the journal Gender and Education and carried out by researchers at the Universities of Hertfordshire and Hildesheim, found that teacher gender has no effect on how male and female teachers employ discipline strategies used in primary school classrooms.

Many migrants can take nothing for granted

Social Sciences News - 水, 05/23/2018 - 09:32
Bandana Purkayastha is a professor of sociology and Asian & Asian American Studies, and former head of the Department of Sociology. She is the American Sociological Association's national representative to the International Sociological Association. Her current research interests focus on human rights/human security, migration, intersectionality, and transnationalism. She recently published an article in the journal Current Sociology focusing on 'Migration, Migrants, and Human Security.' She discussed these issues with UConn Today.

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